What is Adderall?
Adderall is a brand name for a prescription drug containing ingredients related to amphetamine and dextroamphetamine. Specifically, the formula contains amphetamine aspartate, amphetamine sulfate, dextroamphetamine saccharate, and dextroamphetamine sulfate.
The formula works as a stimulant and can wake a person up or cause them to concentrate harder.
Adderall is a controlled substance that can cause psychological and physical dependence. It also has a high potential for misuse or abuse because it can cause euphoric sensations.
The components of Adderall, amphetamine, and dextroamphetamine are also available as generic prescription drugs that work in the same way as brand name Adderall.
You can also get prescriptions as an instant release or extended-release formula, depending on the problems that the doctor aims to treat.
How Does Adderall Work On The Body?
Adderall, like other central nervous system stimulants, alters the effects of neurotransmitters like dopamine and norepinephrine. This can cause an extensive range of different feelings and sensations, both positive and negative.
It makes the user feel more awake and focused while remaining calm. It can also provide a burst of energy and confidence in some people and even give feelings of euphoria.
It can also affect the body and increase heart rate and constrict blood vessels. Adderall also increases the amount of released glucose into the system and substantially decreases appetite.
These different effects of Adderall on the brain and the body are responsible for the benefits and the side effects.
How To Take Adderall?
Adderall is usually prescribed to be taken one to three times each day. If it is only one dose per day, it is good to take it first thing in the morning to make Adderall more effective, as it can boost energy enough to cause insomnia if taken too late in the day.
Adderall medication comes in instant release and Adderall XR extended-release capsule formulas. Both types can be taken with or without food, but taking Adderall with food may prevent nausea and upset stomach.
When someone who does not have ADHD takes Adderall or takes too much, it can increase dopamine enough to cause euphoria and a high.
After taking Adderall, you will know it is working when your concentration improves. You may also feel a burst of energy when it first begins to work, which depends on Adderall tolerance and the strength of the medication formula.
Adderall instant release will typically last anywhere from 4 to 6 hours, while Adderall XR lasts 10 to 12 hours.
Adderall dosage can vary depending on the reason for the prescription, the form of medication, and other conditions and drugs that you may be taking.
For the treatment of ADHD and sleeping disorders, the adult starting dose of the instant release form is 5 mg to 10 mg, once or twice per day. Then the dosage will be increased by 5 mg to 10 mg increments each week until the desired response is achieved.
For children ages 3 to 5, the starting dose is 2.5 mg, and the amount is increased by 2.5 mg increments per week until the desired dose is reached.
With Adderall XR slow-release capsule formula, for adults, the dose is 20 mg once per day and increased until the optimal dosage is met. For children, the dose starts at 5 mg to 10 mg per day and is increased gradually until the desired effect is achieved.